Spine Surgery

As the spine ages, a number of conditions can result in chronic pain in various parts of your body, not just your neck or back.

 

Some of the more common disorders in the spine include:

  • Herniated Disc – trauma or injury to a disc resulting in the disc protruding
  • Disc Degeneration – when discs dry out and lose their ability to cushion the vertebrae
  • Spinal Stenosis – the narrowing of the canal that houses the spinal cord and nerve roots
  • Spondylolisthesis – when a vertebra slips out of line with an adjacent vertebra

To a large extent, these spinal disorders are not problems in themselves. The trouble starts when they put pressure on the nearby nerve roots or spinal cord, causing pain, numbness, or even paralysis in the limbs. Pinched nerves can be treated with anti-inflammatory medications, steroid injections, physical therapy, or surgery, with the aim being to relieve pressure on the nerve by increasing the space around it.

Deciding the right way to treat your neck or back pain begins with an accurate diagnosis, which involves a thorough orthopaedic evaluation and the use of tools such as MRI and electrodiagnostics.

Back Pain

Back pain often occurs when one or more nerves in the spinal column become impinged, or pinched. This is commonly caused by a disc or bone spur pushing into the canal that houses the spinal cord and the nerve roots. Often back pain can be treated nonsurgically, but in some cases, surgery is necessary.

Neck Pain

The part of the spine that supports your neck is called the cervical spine. The neck must allow for a significant amount of movement, in addition to supporting the weight of the head. Unlike the rest of the spine, which is relatively protected from injury, the cervical spine has a relatively small number of muscles and ligaments that surround and protect it from injury.

Neck pain may result from abnormalities in the soft tissues (muscles, ligaments, or nerves) or in the vertebrae or joints of the cervical spine. The most common causes of neck pain are degenerative diseases (such as arthritis) or soft tissue abnormalities following injury. In some individuals, neck problems may cause pain felt in the upper back, shoulders, or arms.

At some time in life, you may experience back pain.

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Tips for A Healthy Spine

Each year back pain affects millions of people in the United States and more specifically, sends thousands of people to the hospital for back surgery in the Wisconsin area. As a result, many people see their quality of life diminish. Hobbies cannot be enjoyed, workdays are missed, and sports and leisure activities hindered.

However, there is good news too! By taking several simple steps now, we can all improve the health of our back and neck, and diminish the chances of developing spine problems later in life.

Our medical team is committed to helping our patients become healthy! As a result, our medical team will not just focus on your spinal condition, but we’ll also suggest steps you can take to improve your spine’s overall health.

We invite you to review the following five tips for a healthy spine, and hope that you’ll build them into your daily life. You’ll never regret making these changes!

Tip #1: “Lift Light and Lift Right”

We all put immense stresses on our spine daily. Whether you are reaching into your car to pick up a child, loading grocery bags into your trunk, or digging weeds in your yard, your back endures a daily assault-course. Each time we lift too much, or lift in an awkward way, we risk injury to our spine. To minimize your chances of injury from lifting, follow these easy steps:

  • If it seems too heavy, don’t lift it! Get help!
  • Do not lift at arms length; always get close to the object.
  • When lifting or lowering an object, bend your hips and knees and keep your back straight. Do not hunch over an object, and never lift with straight legs while bending at the waist.
  • Never make sharp movements. Lift smoothly!
  • Never twist your back when moving an object. Move your feet instead!

Tip #2: Stand Tall

Good posture helps your spine! However, poor posture can damage the spine and its associated muscles and ligaments. A hunched stance places abnormal stress on muscles and ligaments, causes backache and fatigue, and can even cause the spine to become fixed in an abnormal position.

So, if you want your spine to feel healthier, and you want to look better, follow these two simple pointers for good posture:

  • Stand straight. Keep your shoulder blades pulled back and down, and your knees and back straight.
  • Head up. Hold your head up straight, not tilting in any direction. As a general guideline, your earlobes should be above the middle of your shoulders.

Tip # 3: Work Smart

Many of us spend hours each day working at a computer terminal. Poorly designed workspaces can wreak havoc on your back and neck. If you’re ending your days at work with headaches or backache, check the following guidelines for a “back healthy” work environment.

  • Are you sitting comfortably? Your chair should enable you to have a “neutral posture”, i.e. no part of your anatomy is in an unusual or uncomfortable position when working at your desk or monitor. Make sure that your back is well supported by your chair, and that the chair is not pinching the back of your knees. Your feet should rest firmly on the floor, with the angle behind your knees greater than 90 degrees. Your forearms should angle down slightly to rest on the keyboard, while your upper arms should be able to rest close to your body in a relaxed manner.
  • Eyes forward. Your computer monitor must be positioned so that it is directly in front of you, and does not require you to bend your head forward, backward or sideways to view it comfortably.
  • Talk straight. Do not cradle your phone between your ear and shoulder. Such posture is almost guaranteed to cause neck pain and eventual problems. Either sit straight and hold your phone to your ear, or purchase one of the various hands-free phone options.

Tip # 4: Start Moving

Exercise is critical for keeping your back healthy. Even a few minutes of exercise each day can greatly help your back and neck. Under the direction of a physician or exercise expert, build an exercise routine that combines stretching, strengthening and aerobic activity. Our medical staff is always pleased to help patients develop safe and worthwhile exercise plans.

Tip # 5: Rest Your Back

Most people spend one third of their life in bed. A bad mattress, or an unhealthy sleeping position can be a significant cause of back pain. Here are some guidelines for sleeping in a way that will help your back and neck:

  • To maintain proper posture, sleep on your side with your knees bent and a pillow placed between your knees. However, if you must sleep on your back, place a pillow under your knees, to help maintain the natural curves of your spine. Sleeping on your front with your head turned to one side, or sleeping with a large pillow should be avoided.
  • Make sure your mattress supports your body so that the natural spine alignment is maintained. Soft beds provide insufficient support, while overly firm beds can push your body into stressful positions.
  • Turn your mattress regularly to maintain even wear, and to provide consistent support.